Tree Species in Rothbury

Image by Nathan Hulsey

Apple

Malus x domestica


Family Rosaceae

The apple tree is part of the rose family. Found mostly in the Northern Hemisphere. Takes about 5-7 years from seed, to produce apples.

Can grow to 10m.


Not Native.

Image by AJ

Cherry 

Prunus


Family Rosaceae

Lawson Cherry, Cherry Plum, Wild Cherry, Winter Flowering Cherry, Japanese Cherry. They are small trees that can live 20+ years.

All of these pretty trees can be found in Rothbury.

Some are Native

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English Oak

Quercus robur


Family:  Fagaceae.

The national emblem, the Oak is common in southern and central England.

Can grow up to 40m.

Native

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Laburnum

Laburnum

Laburnum anagyroides


Family: Favaceae - it is a member of the pea family.

Introduced in 1560, often planted in parks and gardens. Sometimes called 'Golden Rain' because of the beautiful flowers.

Not Native

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Norway Spruce

Picea abies


Family: Pinaceae


This is a fast growing everygreen conifer which can reach 40m and can live for up to 1000 years.

The leaves are like needles and are pointed, with fine, white speckled lines and a rich sweet smell.

Non-native

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Red Oak

Quercus rubra


Family: Fagaceae


Decidious broadleaf tree which can grow to 25.  Similar to English and Sessile oaks, but the leaves are more pointed. Beautiful red leaves in the autumn. Can live for 500 years.

Non-native

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Sycamore

Acer pseudoplatanus


Family: Sapindaceae

Broadleaf trees which can grow to 35m and can live for 400 years.

Native to central, eastern and southern Europe, introduced to the UK by the Romans (possibly). The seed is very fertile and these trees are easy to grow.

Non-native

Image by Oleksii Demydenko

Tree Type

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Ash

Fraxinus excelsior


Ash trees are part of the olive family.

Ash is one of the most common trees in the UK. When fully grown they can reach a height of 35m.

 


Native.

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Common Lime

Tilia x europaea


Family: Malvaceae

Common Lime is a hybrid between small-leaved and large-leaved lime.
Grows up to 40m.

Native

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Holly

Ilex aquifolium

Family: Aquifoliaceae.


Mature trees can grow up to 15m and can live for 300 years.

We also have variegated holly in Rothbury

Native

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Liliac

Syringa vulgaris


Family: Oleaceae

A large, deciduous shrub or multi-stemmed small tree.

Can grow to 7m.

Not native

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Portugal Laurel

Prunus lusitanica


Family: Rosaceae


Large everygreen small tree, grows to 12m.  Can live for 50 years.

 Has dark red shoots bearing deep green ovate leaves. Has small white flowers, followed by small purple fruits.

Non-native

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Rowan

Sorbus aucuparia

Family: Rosaceae


Can grow up to 15m and can live for 200 years.
Rowan is hermaphrodite, flowers are borne in dense clusters and after pollination develop into scarlet coloured fruits.

Native

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Weeping Ash

Fraxinus


Family: Oleaceae


Deciduous trees which can grow to 12M. It takes 20-50 years to get to full height.

forming an umbrella shaped crown of pendulous branches arching to the ground.

Native

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Image by Richard Loader

Beech

Fagus sylvatica

Family: Fagaceae 


Can grow up to 45m.
Beech is only truly native to south-east England and south-east Wales.

 

 

Native

Image by Corina Rainer

Elder

Sambucus nigra

Family: Adoxaceae
 

Widespread across the UK.

Grows up to 15m. Can live for 60 years.

Native

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Horse Chestnut

Aesculus hippocastanum

Family: Hippocastanaceae.

Mature Horse Chestnuts can grow to around 40m and can live for 300 years.

Not Native

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Norway Maple

Acer platanoides

Family: Sapindaceae

This is a deciduous broadleaf tree and can grow to 25m. The bark is grey with fine ridges.


Introduced in the 17th C. 

Not Native

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Prunus

Prunus

Family: Rosaceae

Prunus is a genus of trees and shrubs which include plums, cherries, peaches, nectarines, apricots and almonds. In Rothbury we have mostly flowering cherries.

Non-native

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Silver Birch

Silver Birch Betula pendula

Family: Betulaceae

A medium-sized, deciduous tree that can reach 30m. 

Silver birch is monecious, male and female flowers (catkins) found on the same tree. Male are long, yellow brown, female short and bright green.

Native

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Yew

Taxus baccata

Family: Taxaceae

In Rothbury, we have Common Yews, Irish/Fastigiate Yews.

Mature trees can grow to 20m. They are not considered ancient until they reach 900 years old.
They are dioecious, male and female flowers grow on separate trees.

Native

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